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ERASMUS Mobility

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE ERASMUS+ PROGRAMME

The fields of education, training, youth and sport can make a major contribution to help tackle the key challenges that Europe is facing both now and in the next decade. They have been recognised as key drivers within the Europe 2020 Strategy to overcome the socio-economic crisis affecting European countries, to boost growth and jobs and to foster social equity and inclusion.
Against this background, Erasmus+ is the EU Programme in the fields of education, training, youth and sport for the period 2014- 2020. It will seek to address the following challenges.

Fighting rising levels of unemployment - particularly among young people - has become one of the most urgent tasks for European governments. Too many young people leave school prematurely and run a high risk of being unemployed. The same risk threatens the high number of adult workers with low skills. Strong and well performing education, training and youth systems can help deal with these challenges by providing citizens with the skills required by the labour market and a competitive economy.

Another challenge relates to the development of social capital among young people, the empowerment of young people and their ability to participate actively in society, in line with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty to "encourage the participation of young people in democratic life in Europe". This issue can also be targeted through non-formal learning activities, which aim at enhancing the skills and competences of young people as well as their active citizenship.
The promotion of systemic reforms in the participating countries along the lines agreed at European Union level requires clear leadership and a shared vision between authorities and stakeholders, leading to cooperation at all levels through the various instruments available. Moreover, there is a need to provide youth organisations and youth workers with training and cooperation opportunities, to develop their professionalism and the European dimension of youth work.
The Erasmus+ Programme is designed to support Programme Countries' efforts to efficiently use the potential of EuropeÕs human and social capital, while confirming the principle of lifelong learning by linking support to formal, non-formal and informal learning throughout the education, training and youth fields. The Programme also enhances the opportunities for cooperation and mobility with Partner Countries, notably in the fields of higher education and youth.

Under one of the new elements introduced in the Lisbon Treaty, Erasmus+ will also support grassroots sport activities in the Programme Countries and promote European policy cooperation in the field of sport. The Programme will promote the creation and development of European networks, providing opportunities for cooperation among stakeholders and the exchange and transfer of knowledge and know-how in different areas relating to sport and physical activity. This reinforced cooperation will notably have positive effects in developing the potential of EuropeÕs human capital by helping reduce the social and economic costs of physical inactivity.

Overall the Programme will support actions, cooperation and tools consistent with the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy and its flagship initiatives, such as Youth on the Move and the Agenda for new skills and jobs. The Programme will also contribute to achieving the objectives of the ET2020 Strategy, the European Youth Strategy and of the EU external action. Moreover, the Programme will support policy priorities agreed at European level in the framework of the Open Methods of Coordination.

Erasmus+ aims at promoting synergies and cross-fertilisation throughout the different fields of education, training and youth, removing artificial boundaries between the various Actions and project formats, fostering new ideas, attracting new actors from the world of work and civil society and stimulating new forms of cooperation. Erasmus+ aims at becoming a more effective instrument to address the real needs in terms of human and social capital development in Europe and beyond.
WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIVES AND IMPORTANT FEATURES OF THE ERASMUS+ PROGRAMME?

The Erasmus+ Programme shall contribute to the achievement of:
? the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, including the headline education target2;
? the objectives of the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), including the corresponding benchmarks;
? the sustainable development of Partner Countries in the field of higher education;
? the overall objectives of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018);
? the objective of developing the European dimension in sport, in particular grassroots sport, in line with the EU work plan for sport;
? the promotion of European values in accordance with Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union3.

Multilingualism is one of the cornerstones of the European project and a powerful symbol of the EU's aspiration to be united in diversity. Foreign languages have a prominent role among the skills that will help equip people better for the labour market and make the most of available opportunities. The EU has set the goal that every citizen should have the opportunity to acquire at least two foreign languages, from an early age.
The promotion of language learning and linguistic diversity is one of the specific objectives of the Programme. The lack of language competences is one of the main barriers to participation in European education, training and youth programmes. The opportunities put in place to offer linguistic support are aimed to make mobility more efficient and effective, to improve learning performance and therefore contribute to the specific objective of the Programme.

WHAT IS THE STRUCTURE OF THE ERASMUS+ PROGRAMME?
In order to achieve its objectives, the Erasmus+ Programme implements the following Actions:

KEY ACTION 1 - MOBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS

This Key Action supports:

? Mobility of learners and staff: opportunities for students, trainees, young people and volunteers, as well as for professors, teachers, trainers, youth workers, staff of education institutions and civil society organisations to undertake a learning and/or professional experience in another country;
? Joint Master Degrees: high-level integrated international study programmes delivered by consortia of higher education institutions that award full degree scholarships to the best master students worldwide;
? Master Student Loan Guarantee: higher education students can get a loan backed up by the Programme to go abroad for a full Master Degree. Students should address themselves to national banks or student loan agencies.

KEY ACTION 2 - COOPERATION FOR INNOVATION AND THE EXCHANGE OF GOOD PRACTICES

This Key Action supports:
? Transnational Strategic Partnerships aimed to develop initiatives addressing one or more fields of education training and youth and promote innovation, exchange of experience and know-how between different types of organisations involved in education, training and youth or in other relevant fields. Certain mobility activities are supported in so far as they contribute to the objectives of the project;
? Knowledge Alliances between higher education institutions and enterprises which aim to foster innovation, entrepreneurship, creativity, employability, knowledge exchange and/or multidisciplinary teaching and learning;
? Sector Skills Alliances supporting the design and delivery of joint vocational training curricula, programmes and teaching and training methodologies, drawing on evidence of trends in a specific economic sector and skills needed in order to perform in one or more professional fields;
? Capacity Building projects supporting cooperation with Partner Countries in the fields of higher education and youth. Capacity Building projects aim to support organisations/institutions and systems in their modernisation and internationalisation process. Certain mobility activities are supported in so far as they contribute to the objectives of the project;
? IT support platforms, such as eTwinning, the European Platform for Adult Learning (EPALE) and the European Youth Portal, offering virtual collaboration spaces, databases of opportunities, communities of practices and other online services for teachers, trainers and practitioners in the field of school and adult education as well as for young people, volunteers and youth workers across Europe and beyond.

KEY ACTION 3 - SUPPORT FOR POLICY REFORMS

This Key Action supports:
? Knowledge in the fields of education, training and youth for evidence-based policy making and monitoring in the framework of Europe 2020, in particular:
o country-specific and thematic analysis, including through cooperation with academic networks;
o peer learning and peer reviews through the Open Methods of Coordination in education, training and youth;
? Prospective initiatives to stimulate innovative policy development among stakeholders and to enable public authorities to test the effectiveness of innovative policies through field trials based on sound evaluation methodologies;
? Support to European policy tools to facilitate transparency and recognition of skills and qualifications, as well as the transfer of credits, to foster quality assurance, support validation of non-formal and informal learning, skills management and guidance. This Action also includes the support to networks that facilitate cross-European exchanges, the learning and working mobility of citizens as well as the development of flexible learning pathways between different fields of education, training and youth;
? Cooperation with international organisations with highly recognised expertise and analytical capacity (such as the OECD and the Council of Europe), to strengthen the impact and added value of policies in the fields of education, training and youth;
? Stakeholder dialogue, policy and Programme promotion with public authorities, providers and stakeholders in the fields of education, training and youth are necessary for raising awareness about Europe 2020, Education and Training 2020, the European Youth Strategy and other European sector-specific policy agendas, as well as the external dimension of EU education, training and youth policies. They are also essential to stimulate the effective exploitation of the Programme results and generate tangible impact.


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 ERASMUS Mobility
2014/15 Documents 
ECHE - Erasmus Charter 2014-2020
Erasmus Policy Statement

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